In 2005 a fugitive rebel leader that was pro-independence, Filberto Ojeda Pios, was killed by US federal agents, and the way the US treated innocent civilians caused unrest on the island. Sometime between 400 B.C. If this proves to be true, the annual growth rate will likely be close to -0.62% by 2050 and the population of Puerto Rico will be roughly 3,650,608 in 2020, 3,592,748 in 2030, 3,474,434 in 2040, and 3,281,904 in 2050. Structure of the population (01.07.2012) (Estimates) (Data refer to projections based on the 2010 Population Census) : Source: UN World Population Prospects. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — New Census Bureau data shows Puerto Rico lost nearly 4 percent of its population after Hurricane Maria — the greatest population … UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). 3,193,694 Population.  By A.D. 1000, the indigenous Taíno inhabited the island. The current population of Puerto Rico is 2,831,765 as of Tuesday, November 17, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. Puerto Ricans were granted in 1917 by the Jones Act, and by 1947 they were beginning to be allowed to self-govern. Starting in the post-World War II period waves of Puerto Ricans moved to the continental United States, particularly to New York City; Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, and Camden, New Jersey; Providence, Rhode Island; Springfield; Hartford and New Haven, Connecticut; Boston, Massachusetts; Orlando, Miami and Tampa, Florida; Philadelphia and Reading, Pennsylvania; Washington, D.C., Chicago and Los Angeles, California. 3,725,789. An Associated Press article in March 2014 stated that "more than 70 percent of whom identify themselves as Catholic" but provided no source for this information. Puerto Ricans (Spanish: Puertorriqueños ; or boricuas) are the people of Puerto Rico , the inhabitants, and citizens of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (a United States territory), and their descendants. Many people do not realize that Muslims conquered Spain". Puerto Rico’s recent population downturn reverses a general pattern of growth on the island since at least the 1700s, as documented by Spanish and U.S. Census Bureau data. This continued even as Puerto Rico's economy improved and its birth rate declined. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Population of American Indian in households in Puerto Rico ; Total Population: 19,427; Male Population: 9,429; Under 5 years: 567; 5 to 9 years: 707; 10 to 14 years: This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. In 2017 Puerto Rico was forced to declare bankruptcy after being unable to repay debts. 75.8%. There are a number of reasons for this decline including lower birth rates and lower death rates as the island becomes more prosperous. "Recent genetic selection in the ancestral admixture of Puerto Ricans", "The Use of Mitochondrial DNA to Discover Pre-Columbian Migrations to the Caribbean: Results for Puerto Rico and Expectations for the Dominican Republic", "Catholic Church and Puerto Rico officials at odds in widening sex abuse investigation", "Religion in Puerto Rico – By Puerto Rico Channel", Institute of Islamic Information and Education: Number of Muslims and Percentage in Puerto Rico, Percent Puerto Rican population that are Muslims, "Saudi Aramco World : Muslims in the Caribbean", "The Jewish Palate: The Jews of Puerto Rico", "Taíno: Indigenous Caribbeans - Black History Month 2017", "American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes in the United States and Puerto Rico: 2010 (CPH-T-6)", "Population Estimates, Population Change, and Components of Change", "Central America and Caribbean :: PUERTO RICO", How Puerto Rico Became White: Racial analysis, 1930s Sterilization of One Third of Puerto Rican Women by the Chicago Women's Liberation Union, Puerto Ricans in the United States Space Program, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Puerto_Rico&oldid=991797344, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Articles with failed verification from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, American Indian and Alaska Native alone 11,775, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 129, Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,547,288, White alone, Not Hispanic or Latino 24,900, 7.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est. It is common to find Puerto Rican people in all parts of the United States. Various African religious practices have been present since the arrival of enslaved Africans. Urban Population Puerto Rico Urban vs. 2006 changes in the United States tax system that took investment money out of the Caribbean coincided with a sharp downturn in the Puerto Rican economy. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise indicated. The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. An impressive 94% of the people living in Puerto Rico reside in or around a major metropolitan area. The Spanish conquered the island, assuming government in 1508, colonized it, and assumed hegemony over the natives.  In the 2010 U.S. census, 9,399 people are identified as "Taíno.".  A recent study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 800 individuals found that patrilineal input, as indicated by the Y-chromosome,[clarification needed] showed 66% of Puerto Ricans could trace their ancestry to male European ancestors, 18% could trace it to male African ancestors, and 16% could trace it to male Native American ancestors. [failed verification], In a study done on Puerto Rican women (of all races) born on the island but living in New York by Carolina Bonilla, Mark D. Shriver and Esteban Parra in 2004, the ancestry proportions corresponding to the three parental populations were found to be 53.3±2.8% European, 29.1±2.3% West African, and 17.6±2.4% Native American based on autosomal ancestry informative markers. Of these, 2,270 were classified as "white" in the 1920 census (1,205 from Spain, 280 from Venezuela, 180 from Cuba, and 135 from the Dominican Republic). The only category that remained constant over time was white, even as other racial labels shifted greatly—from "colored" to "Black", "mulatto" and "other". Later that year, two hurricanes pounded the island killing several thousand. The British ban on slavery resulted in slave raids on Puerto Rico. With 1,190,891 Puerto Rico residents, Florida has seen some real changes in its population. 77 but it wasn't until 1917 that Puerto Ricans were granted full American Citizenship under the Jones–Shafroth Act (Pub.L. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. Although the vast majority of settlers came from Spain, Catholics from France, Ireland, Italy and other European countries were also granted land by Spain as one of the provisions of the Real Cédula de Gracias de 1815 (Royal Decree of Graces of 1815). But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. Officially Puerto Rico is a religiously free commonwealth, but the majority of its population are Roman Catholic with 85% of its people claiming the faith. "Asian" (South, North or East) & "North African" are not included.  Some Puerto Ricans have converted, not only as individuals but as entire families. 2006–2008 Three Year Estimate. As of 2019, the population was 3,654,474, giving it a population density of 1,040 people per square mile (401 people per square kilometer), which ranks 24th in the world in this regard. The current population of Puerto Rico in 2020 is 2,860,853, a 2.47% decline from 2019.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. All Topics Population Age and Sex Race and Hispanic Origin Population Characteristics Housing Families & Living Arrangements Computer and Internet Use Education Health Economy Transportation Income & Poverty Businesses Geography. In 1508, Juan Ponce de León f… Puerto Rican Population in the States.  And at times not just individuals, but whole families convert. Unemployment has been increasing as a result and many citizens are leaving the island for the US mainland in hope for better opportunities. The total population of Puerto Rico is 3,195,153 as of 1-Jul-18 , which represents 0.04% of global population and ranks Puerto Rico # N/A worldwide. In return, they had to profess fealty to the Spanish Crown. Population of Puerto Rico: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. Puerto Rico is home to people of many different national origins as well. During the same 10-year period, 7,873 Puerto Ricans emigrated to the U.S. Of these, 6,561 were listed as "white" on the U.S mainland census, 909 as "Spanish white" and 403 as "black". The first Protestant church, Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad, was established in Ponce by the Anglican Diocese of Antigua in 1872. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. Population. The Taíno population dwindled due to disease, tribal warfare, and forced labor, so the Spanish began importing large numbers of slaves from Africa. Current projections go out to the year 2050 and believe that the net migration will regularly be at least -10,000 annually and the birth rate will remain below the worldwide average, staying close to 1.51. Africa and Asia were excluded altogether. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. Thus under the Immigration Act of 1924 all Hispanics and Caribbeans could immigrate to the United States, but a White family from Poland or Russia could not immigrate. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of … Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 2019. Many slaves also escaped to neighboring islands. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by Amerindian settlement, European colonization especially under the Spanish Empire, slavery and economic migration. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Christianity also makes up an additional 8% of the population with the Protestant church. "They are economically strong and are thus able to pay for a full-time Imaam". Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 1M 2M 3M 4M. International historical statistics: the Americas, 1750–2000. 443,679 people. The real estate and tourism industries are also very strong. Regardless of the precise terminology, the census reported that the bulk of the Puerto Rican population was white from 1899 to 2000. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 2019. In 1898, Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States under the Treaty of Paris and the US brought a civil government to the area and maintained strict control over the island. These generalized categories may not take into account the complexity of migratory patterns across the Old World. 3,424.2 square miles 932.7 people per square mile. Puerto Rico’s native Taíno population—whose hunter-gatherer ancestors settled the island more than 1,000 years before the Spanish arrived—called it Borinquén, and referred to themselves as boricua (a term that is still used today).During his second expedition to the Indies in 1493, Christopher Columbus returned several Taíno captives to Borinquén and claimed the island for Spain, calling it San Juan Bautista. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. During the 19th century large numbers of immigrants from Spain, as well as numerous Spaniards living in former Spanish colonies in South America, also arrived in Puerto Rico (See Spanish immigration to Puerto Rico). , In the late 1700s, Puerto Rico had laws like the Regla del Sacar or Gracias al Sacar where a person of mixed ancestry could be considered legally white so long as they could prove that at least one person per generation in the last four generations had also been legally white. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. The Paseo de Diego sits empty in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, April 17, 2019. Mitchell. Puerto Ricans, excluding those of obvious African ancestry, were like most Hispanics formally classified as White under U.S. Law, but this classification did not prevent informal discrimination against them by Anglo-Americans. Bonilla et al., Ancestral proportions and their association with skin pigmentation and bone mineral density in Puerto Rican women from New York City. Almost 3.2 million people live in Puerto Rico as of July 2018, showing a population decline of 14.3 percent since 2010. The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital.  One Pope, John Paul II, visited Puerto Rico in October 1984. The current population of Puerto Rico is 2,839,923, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. In 1960 the census dropped the racial identification question for Puerto Rico but included it again in the year 2000. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Puerto Rico was estimated to be 3,658,607 people. ), The CIA World Factbook however, reports that 85% of the population of Puerto Rico identifies as Roman Catholic, while 15% identify as Protestant and Other. 3,193,694. The Johnson-Reed act of 1924 applied only to the Eastern Hemisphere. Other major cities include Carolina (154,489), Ponce (140,859) and Caguas (129,604). This is a decrease of -0.14 % (-5,239 people) compared to population of 3,663,846 the year before.  2,712,166 people. black/African American. The total population in Puerto Rico was estimated at 3.2 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name , List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name in 2020 , List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name in … The ratio of males to females is 1.06, meaning that there are slightly more males. These immigrants were allowed to settle on the island, with a certain amount of free land and enslaved persons granted to them. There are 2,340,474 adults in Puerto Rico. The United States won control of Puerto Rico from Spain in 1898; the first U.S. census taken there, in 1910, counted more than 1.1 million residents. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Puerto Rico had a population of 2.4 million people. In the late 18th century, the number of African slaves began to dwindle on the island.  Protestantism increased under American sovereignty, making contemporary Puerto Rico more interconfessional than in previous centuries, although Catholicism continues to be the dominant religion.  Thus, today there is a strong Palestinian presence among Muslims in Puerto Rico. Therefore, people of mixed ancestry with known white lineage were classified as white, the opposite of the "one-drop rule" in the United States. The U.S. Supreme Court in the case United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 649 (1898) declared that all nonwhites who were born in the United States were eligible for citizenship via the Citizenship Clause of the 14th Amendment. The Western Hemisphere remained unrestricted to immigrate to the United States. If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. Until 1950 the U.S. Bureau of the Census attempted to quantify the racial composition of the island's population, while experimenting with various racial taxonomies. SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO -- In Barrio Obrero Marina, a working class neighborhood of San Juan, the U.S. Census Bureau said that fewer than one in … source: Government Development Bank for Puerto Rico 10Y 25Y 50Y Education, high school graduate or higher:, Demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico.  Islam was brought into Puerto Rico mainly via the Palestinian migration of the 1950s and '60s. The densely populated island of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean sea with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and rainforest covering 3,515 square miles (9,104 square kilometers) of area, which would rank it 169th in the world in terms of size. 951. This survey was completed between October 2013 and February 2014. The people of Puerto Rico are mostly from a combination of backgrounds including European colonization, slavery, Amerindian settlement, and economic migration. The federal Naturalization Act, signed into law on March 26, 1790, by President Washington stated that immigrants to the United States had to be White according to the definition under the British Common Law, which the United States inherited. The mass immigration that occurred during the 19th century helped the population grow from 155,000 in 1800 to almost 1,000,000 at the close of the century. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) B.R. Starting in about 1840, there have been attempts to create a quasi-indigenous Taíno identity in rural areas of Puerto Rico. The second-largest city is Bayamon, which has 179,565 people and would be the 103rd largest city in America. , According to the 2015 Race and Hispanic Origin estimate (2011–2015 American Community Survey) published by the US Census Bureau, the data for Puerto Rico was as follows:, Puerto Ricans, on average, have genetic contributions from Europeans, West Africans, and Native Americans of approximately 66%, 18%, and 16%, respectively.  This religion was brought by Spanish colonists.  There are eight Islamic mosques spread throughout the island, with most Muslims living in Río Piedras. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. Christopher Columbus claimed the land that is now Puerto Rico as Spain's in 1493, and the Spanish began to settle the area roughly 15 years later. Puerto Rico Community Survey;Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race. Update to date information about population of Puerto Rico in 2020. Currently, 100% of the population of Puerto Rico is urban (2,933,408 people in 2019) Created with Highcharts 8.2.2. The study also found that, from the women sampled, 98% had European ancestry markers, 87% had African ancestry markers, 84% had Native American ancestry markers, 5% showed only African and European markers, 4% showed mostly Native American and European markers, 2% showed only African markers, and 2% showed mostly European markers.. Puerto Rico. 31. The Act imposed immigration quotas on Europe, which allowed for easy immigration from Northern and Western Europe, but almost excluded the Mediterranean and Slavic Nations. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 1989. 56–191, 31 Stat. This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. 2010. The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. A strong European immigration wave and large importation of slaves from Africa helped increase the population of Puerto Rico sixfold during the 19th century. white. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. As of N/A, N/A% of Puerto Rico residents were born outside of the country (N/A people). and A.D. 100, the Arawak group of Amerindians inhabited Puerto Rico. In 2018, Puerto Rico had a population of 3.2M people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $20,296. All municipalities in Puerto Rico have at least one Catholic Church, most of which are located at the town center or "plaza". The remaining population is a combination of people without religion, spiritual people that practice Santeria from Cuba, and Jews, and Muslims. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … This page provides - Puerto Rico Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. The Puerto Rican population in Orange and Osceola counties surged in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria by a combined 12.5% last year, according … Here, in order of Puerto Rican population, are the States with the 10 largest concentrations of Puerto Ricans. , Taíno religious practices have been rediscovered/reinvented by a handful of advocates.  "Ties between Latinos and Islam are more than just spiritual, but date back to Spanish history. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by initial Amerindian settlement, European colonization, slavery, economic migration, and Puerto Rico's status as unincorporated territory of the United States. A recent report providing a full breakdown as to specific religions is not available; the most recent was for 2006. 12.4%. Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result, there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island. The current population of Puerto Rico in 2020 is 2,860,853, a 2.47% decline from 2019.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. A landslide killed 129 people in 1985, and Hurricane George ravaged the area in 1998. They called the island Borikén (alternatively, Borinquén), which means "land of the valiant one"  and later Puerto Ricans called themselves boricua, borincano and borinqueño to embrace their indigenous identity. It is the third oldest European-founded capital city in the American continents right after Panama City and Santo Domingo. It had a population of 347,052 as of 2016, which would rank it as the 46th largest city in the USA. The Christian Denominational Breakdown was as follows in 2006:. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. U.S. Immigration Policy was first restricted toward Chinese with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907 in which Japan voluntarily barred emigration to the United States and the Immigration Act of 1917 or the Asiatic Barred Zone which barred immigrants from all of the Middle East, the Steppes and the Orient, excluding the Philippines which was then a US Colony. Puerto Rico 2020 population is estimated at 2,860,853 people at mid year according to UN data. For example, Puerto Ricans now make up 21% of the Hispanic population of Florida, preparing to outnumber the Cuban population, which has historically been the largest group within Florida’s Hispanic population. Roman Catholics in Puerto Rico have many everyday objects scattered through their lives that have religious affiliation such as rosaries and carvings of the Virgin Mary. Puerto Rican Citizenship was created under the Foraker Act, Pub.L. During the early 20th century Jews began to settle in Puerto Rico. The information in this article was updated on June 25th, 2020. The legal definition of Whiteness differed greatly from White Society's informal definition, thus Jews, Romani Peoples, Middle Eastern Peoples and those of the Indian Subcontinent were before 1917 classified as White for Immigration purposes but not considered White by the society at large. The largest age group is people 25-54, which make up 37.99% of the population, and the median age in the country is 42.2 years old. The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table). Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) (It may have been using the 2010 Pew Research Center data. In terms of race, 75.8% of the population identifies as white, 12.4% of people are African American or black, and the remaining 8.5% of people are a combination of American Indian, Alaskan natives, Pacific Islanders, and mixes of all of the aforementioned.