TIP: Thurber advises, "Yucca plants grow in two forms, tree-like or in a rosette. Prune broken canes or blades several inches below the break. Wise gardeners limit yucca pruning to the essentials. home improvement and repair website. The best time to do your pruning is in the spring, shortly before the growing season. How to Trim a Yucca Tree. Unlike most plants, where pruning means the cutting of branches and blooms, the yucca is a cane plant, and thus pruning means cutting the trunk. As a rule I hear the same everywhere – ‘yucca plants are easy to maintain, and that’s why I’ve chosen them.’ However, when it comes to reality, you should know the fact that they are also pretty susceptible to … suggestions. Four or five years ago, Yucca rostrata was all but impossible to find locally. Yuccas come in all shapes and sizes, from a porcupine-size ball of spike to the towering canes of a Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia) topping out at 40 feet tall. Yucca … Started with one but now have many large clusters. Yucca plants thrive in conditions where the soil is well-drained, low in fertility and low in water. UK hardiness H5. It isn’t technically pruning, but you can cut off the leaves and blooms of your yucca plants as well. Cutting away damaged leaves is especially helpful if the yucca plant is struggling. Excessive pruning encourages the plant to produce yucca "pups" that in time can take over your backyard. Yucca is a North American native, a flowering plant that acts like a large shrub or small tree. Website operating Agavaceae. I believe they are blue yucca gloriosas (perhaps "pendula") The leaves of Adams Needle Yucca produce “strings” which also adds to the interest of this plant. Cut them off as close to the original plant as possible. Bloom time: Summer. A spray of dish soap and water will control bugs and mites. Its leaves are a creamy yellow with green edges in the spring and summer. After both yucca plants bloom, a brown flower stalk is left behind. Occasionally, leaves and blooms may start to look unsightly or discolored, especially toward the end of the growing season. Yucca Yucca. Yucca rostrada (Beaked Yucca) are one of the best tall “palm” yuccas. Hardiness zone 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. submitted to our "DoItYourself.com Community Forums". Red Yucca, Red Hesperaloe Hesperaloe parviflora . Color Guard Yucca is an outstanding ornamental shrub with beautiful, variegated yellow and green leaves. Plants have large, stiff, and sword like rosette leaves, are a genus of perennial trees and shrubs from the family Asparagaceae, and are contained within the subfamily Agavoideae. They can grow up to about 15'. Genus. Native to Western Texas and Northern Mexico, this tree-like yucca is an ornamental and slow-growing evergreen, perfect as a xeriscaping plant.Known to be one of the toughest trunk-forming yuccas, Yucca rostrata is drought-tolerant and a popular garden attraction in the UK, US, and Canada. Yucca aloifolia Linnaeus 1753 This is the type species for the genus Yucca. All information is provided "AS IS." One problem in caring for yucca plants that indoor owners have that outdoor owners generally do not is that indoor plants can grow too tall. Thompson Yucca are typically smaller than the rostrada, to about 6' and is said to be a little hardier. Unlike most plants, where pruning means the cutting of branches and blooms, the yucca is a cane plant, and thus pruning means cutting the trunk. Introduction. Each are pruned slightly differently. It has been cultivated since 1605. Native to northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila) and western Texas, it is a popular Yucca species in the southwestern United States. Yucca aloifolia is a slow-growing hardy succulent plant from the SE USA coast into Mexico, the Caribbean islands and into Mexico. When removing flower stalks, use sharp pruning shears and cut the stalk about 3 or 4 inches above where it's growing out of the main stem. Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be Perhaps the most handsome yucca, Yucca rostrata (Beaked Yucca) is a very ornamental, slow-growing, evergreen tree-like yucca forming a perfectly symmetrical pom-pom, full of hundreds of 2 ft. long (60 cm), sharp-tipped, pale bluish-green leaves. to this site, and use it for non-commercial use subject to our terms of use. TIP: Thurber recommends, "After pruning, do not over water the yucca plant. DoItYourself.com®, founded in 1995, is the leading independent Read on to learn how to grow Big Bend yucca. The strings are curly and peel away from the main structure of the leaf. Many yucca plants are recognizable by their tropical canes or sword-like leaves, but it's hard to give a general description. Blue-beaked Yucca. problems contact webmaster@doityourself.com. Shrub yuccas, like the hairy yucca (Yucca filamentosa), are low-growing spiky plants that form rosettes of thick fibrous leaves that sprout from a central point. Yuccas require little trimming. To verify that a branch is dead, cut a small slice from the outer bark and look carefully at the wood beneath. Exposure: Full sun. Yucca rostrata Commonly called Big Bend or beaked yucca. Prune it as close to the base as possible; this trim is more to make the yard look tidy than to aid the plant. Species. To ensure our content is always up-to-date with current information, best practices, and professional advice, articles are routinely reviewed by industry experts with years of hands-on experience. Yucca rostrata. Water it well at planting and then let nature take its course. Each year, stout leafless stems bear large clusters of waxy, alabaster-colored floral pendants. Pruning isn’t necessary for outdoor yuccas, though it makes for an easy way to keep it from completely overpowering the yard. Now I see it occasionally in independent nurseries. Keep in mind the best time to prune yuccas is in the early spring, so you can also choose to trim your plants then if you'd like. Flower Color is White/Cream and blooms in Summer. The species is native to Texas, Chihuahua and Coahuila. Choosing the Best Companion Plants for a Yucca. Red yucca (which is not a yucca) is a stalwart in the landscapes of Texas and the southwest. 1995-2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. We welcome your comments and For a freshly pruned outdoor yucca, water very lightly, or set up a drip irrigation system for the plant, but this is only for the harshest and driest of climates. During the summer this Yucca produces a large stem from the center of the plant. Best Garden Use: Border, Rocky gardens, Specimen, Dry soil. Yucca rostrata is just as unique as its name. Beaked yucca, Big bend yucca, Old man yucca. Yucca is a desert plant favourite with the majority of gardeners. Great plant for year long interest. Act as soon as the yucca finishes blooming in late summer. The Color Guard Yucca has a mounded growing habit. I am helping my church. The Yucca plant is a widely popular drought tolerant evergreen garden perennial. Color: Gray-blue leaves, blooms with a stalk of white flowers when mature. It one of the many different types of Yucca plants that belong to the family Asparagaceae.. Remove any pups growing near the base of the yucca unless you want multiple specimens. The beaked yucca is a spectacular single-stemmed yucca tree with a stunning spray of bluish-green leaves radiating from the trunk’s top. When pruning, safety glasses and gloves are recommended.". Like other yucca plants and members of the Agavaceae plant family, the beaked yucca grows from a central stem and produces long, sword-shaped spiked leaves. Zones: 7-11. On average, the yucca should be fine surviving off regular rainfall, even after heavy pruning. Tip: Spider mites are a common problem with indoor yuccas as well. Pruning isn’t necessary for outdoor yuccas, though it makes for an easy way to keep it from completely overpowering the yard. Over the last few years, I’ve accumulated five Yucca rostrata, ranging from plants in 1-pint containers to the 2-ft. specimen I bought at Poot’s Cactus Nursery in Ripon, CA last November. In early and midsummer tall stalks of up to four feet sprout from the center. Large clusters of white flowers appear on the tree in late spring and summer. Each are pruned slightly differently. There's no need to wait to prune after flowering. Removing the leaves or blooms can be done at any time of the year without damaging the plant, whether the bloom is old and dying or just starting to grow. San Marcos Growers: Yucca Aloifolia "Marginata" - Golden Spanish Dagger, Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center: Ask Mr. Smarty Plants - Winter Pruning For Yucca in Michigan. It's important to provide a great deal of bright sunshine for the recovering plant. TIP:Thurber advises, "Yucca plants grow in two forms, tree-like or in a rosette. Yuccas that grow in tree form can be pruned to control their size. There are also plenty of awesome variegated forms to choose from. Many species and cultivars thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 though 11. Botanical name. Instead of long erect swords for leaves, the Soft Leaf Yucca (Yucca recurvifolia) has well, a softer look with its downward curving leaves earning it the names Curved-leaf Yucca, Weeping Yucca, and Pendulous Yucca. When the strings are present, they are white colored. Yucca Plants: Perfect Species for Inside and Outside Growing. As a bonus, after cutting the trunk, you can remove the leaves from the top section (making careful note of which end is the top) and plant that section. One of the most ornamental varieties, stiff leaves form a dense crown atop a single trunk. The stems and leaves can be pointed and sharp. To keep the plant healthy the gardener must know what fertilizer for yucca it’s better to apply and when to do it. Yuccas can be found over much of North America, and the architectural assertiveness of their strong, swordlike blades is prized by gardeners. The toxic compounds are called saponins. According to the ASPCA, yucca plants are not poisonous to humans, but they do contain compounds that make them toxic to horses, cats and dogs. Yucca rostrata (YUCK-uh ross-TRAY-tuh), also known as the beaked yucca, is an evergreen tree-like Yucca plant and considered to be one of the hardest trunk-forming yuccas.. Height/Spread: 12 to 16 feet tall, 6 to 8 feet wide. Trimming a yucca is not a task for the faint-hearted. From Alaska to California, from France's Basque Country to Mexico's Pacific Coast, Teo Spengler has dug the soil, planted seeds and helped trees, flowers and veggies thrive. Yucca plants develop a “skirt” of lower leaves much like palms trees. View our Privacy Policy here. Many yucca also do well as indoor houseplants. Pruning is as simple as that. They need to be trimmed back. These stalks produce cream colored bell blooms that dangle. Care for it just as you would the bottom, with plenty of sunshine and light watering, and pretty soon you’ll have a second blooming yucca. It can be kept indoor as well as grown outside in flower beds that ornament the garden. If you prune off any healthy cane, let it dry in a cool spot for several days then press the bottom 12 inches into soil in a sunny spot outdoors. World traveler, professional writer and consummate gardener, Spengler earned a BA from U.C. It thrives across nearly all of the United States, and is a low maintenance, drought tolerant option. Yucca rostrata also called beaked yucca, is a tree-like plant belonging to the genus Yucca. Many yucca plants are recognizable by their tropical canes or sword-like leaves, but it's hard to give a general description. Let me help you with that: the Soft Leaf Yucca. Yucca rostrata has a trunk up to 4.5 meters tall, with a crown of leaves at the top. If you notice the tiny red mites on your plant, take your potted yucca outdoors or into the shower and spray well, including the underside of the leaves. The crown of foliage is a round pom-pom shape that contains hundreds of sharp thin blades that are 2 ft. (0.6 m) long. This US native plant has many species and varieties that grow well in our gardens (e.g., Yucca aloifolia, Yucca filamentosa, Yucca gloriosa). Although it can branch, it is most often seen with a single trunk, that can grow to 12-15 feet tall. They are very closely related to Yucca thompsoniana. You may freely link It is a more graceful alternative to its stiffer pricklier yucca cousins. Color Guard Yucca is one of the most decorative Yucca varieties you will ever find! All rights reserved. Detail of the trunk. Yucca rostrata aka Beaked Blue Yucca. These desert plants produce an abundance of long, sword-shaped leaves; many varieties also bloom in summer. Copyright© We Released The Yucca HandBook CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE >> Don appropriate protective clothing including gloves. Hardy to - 15°C. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Yucca are easy to propagate from cuttings. Yuccas that grow in rosettes require only the removal of dead leaves and flower stocks.". The plants form a dramatic, shimmering rosette … Brown wood means deadwood; green wood indicates a living branch. Yucca rostrata (Big Bend Yucca) - A slow-growing tree-like yucca with upright stems and beautiful gray-blue narrow foliage. The yucca plant is a popular indoor and outdoor plant. Other names. Yucca rostrata Growing and Care Guide. Consider fertilizing once or twice during the growing season, but if you plan to fertilize, be sure to consult with someone knowledgeable of yucca plants, such as workers at a nursery that sells yuccas. Trim off the yucca's bloom stalk, if your yucca is one of the species with bloom stalks. Remove any dead branches, canes or blades. When this happens, feel free to remove the leaves or flower stalks. Removing the leaves will bring the plant back to health. Plants may have a single stem up to 20ft tall, sometimes branching near the top of the stem, often offsetting at the base to form a clump. Pruning and trimming a yucca may look rather harsh, but it's a very strong and vital plant that can easily recover when properly cared for. If you don’t want to make it quite as short as the halfway point, you can cut higher. Grows in Sun. She currently divides her life between San Francisco and southwestern France. The centers of this North American native take on a rose color in the fall. Scientific Name: Yucca rostrata Life Cycle / Plant Type: Evergreen Tree, Perennial, Succulents and Cacti Common Name: Beaked Yucca, Silver Yucca, Blue Beaked Yucca, or Big Bend yucca. Santa Cruz, a law degree from Berkeley's Boalt Hall, and an MA and MFA from San Francisco State. They have long blue/gray leaves that drape down from large, well rounded heads. Allow the soil to dry between waterings.". I'm trying to remember the name of that particular yucca that I have. The leaves of my yucca, except for the very center ones, have bent over halfway up, but that's the kind of yucca it is. This shimmering rosette is mounted atop a tree trunk, which is covered with the soft gray fibers of the old leaves, creating a silver haze. Determine the halfway mark on your yucca, and using a saw or similar cutting device, lop off the top leafy section of the trunk. How to Grow Yucca. Yucca. Yuccas that grow in tree form can be pruned to con… Common tree yuccas are Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) and the Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia). Big Bend yucca (Yucca rostrata), also known as beaked yucca, is a tree-like type of yucca with blue-green, lance-shaped leaves and tall, bell-shaped blooms that rise above the plant in summer.Big Bend yucca plants are easy to grow in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 10. Growing Zone: USA: 5 to 10. The yucca plant is a tough perennial succulent that can grow as a shrub or a tree, depending on the species. TIP: Our expert gardening advisor Karen Thurber cautions, "Some yuccas have very sharp leaves.